Geographical Indication (GI) Tags

A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.

For example, Blue pottery of Jaipur.

Significance of GI tag

You might have heard of intellectual properties rights like Copyright, Patent, Trademark etc. Geographical Indication Tag provides similar rights and protection to holders.

A geographical indication right enables those who have the right to use the indication to prevent its use by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards. For example, in the jurisdictions in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can exclude the use of the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the standards set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.

Significance of Geographical Indications for Competitive Exams

Geographical Indication is one of the hot question topics for almost all competitive exams including UPSC Civil Services Prelims. Knowledge of students on Indian culture and diversity is tested by different question formats connected to GI tags – including ‘Match the following’ questions. As we have prepared this compilation state-wise, we hope it would be very easy for students to connect different GI to corresponding states.

GI tags – a requirement of TRIPS agreement

  • India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.
  • Darjeeling Tea was the first Indian product to get the geographical indication tag. In 2004, the famous beverage got the recognition.
  • India has 236 GI products registered so far and over 270 more products have applied for the label.

Geographical Indication (GI) Tags in India: State-wise Compilation

This post is a compilation of Geographical Indication Tags (GI Tags) in India, arranged state-wise.

Some of the product from Assam having GI tags

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1.        Assam (Orthodox) Logo Agricultural
2.        Muga Silk of Assam (Logo) Handicraft
3.        Muga Silk Handicraft



Summary: GI Tags

  • Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product.
  • Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
  • Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPRs.
  • They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)  Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
  • Proponents of GIs regard them as strong tools for protecting their national property rights. Opponents, however, consider GIs as barriers to trade.